Jean-Jacques Henner was a French painter who was born into a peasant family in the Sundgau.
In 1858 Henner won the Prix de Rome for his Adam and Eve Finding the Body of Abel (Ecole National Sup. Beaux-Arts, Paris). As a result of the five years he spent in the French Academy in Rome, his subsequent paintings showed the influence of Titian's nudes and Correggio's use of sfumato. The influence of Corot is evident in his landscapes.
He exhibited at the Salon between 1865 and 1903 producing primarily mythological and idyllic scenes, but turning after 1870 to symbolic works preoccupied with the theme of death and containing occasional political overtones, e.g. Alsace (1871; Musée de Henner, Paris).
Henner was a patron of the 1897 Venice Exhibition.
Bénézit, E., Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, 8 vols, Paris, 1956-61; De Lannoy, Isabelle, 'Jean-Jacques Henner', The Grove Dictionary of Art Online, ed. L. Macy, http://www.groveart.com (accessed 22 March 2002).