The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler

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Claude Hayes, 1852-1922

Nationality: Irish
Date of Birth: 1852
Place of Birth: Dublin
Date of Death: 1922
Place of Death:


Claude Hayes, a landscape and portrait painter, was the son of the marine painter Edwin Hayes. He married the sister of the painter William Charles Estall.


Hayes studied at Heatherley's School, the R.A. Schools and under Charles Verlat in Antwerp. He began painting portraits and then landscapes in oils but later turned to watercolour which was his preferred medium. He was particularly influenced by David Cox and Thomas Collier.

In 1886 he was elected a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colour, having first exhibited with them in 1884, and he became a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters in 1883. He was a member of the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Water Colour from 1902-07 and of The Arts Club from 1895 to 1907.

Hayes exhibited regularly in London with these groups, as well as with the Royal Academy from 1876, and with the Grosvenor Gallery, New Gallery, London Salon, Dudley Art Gallery, Ridley Art Club, Walker Gallery, Agnew and Sons Gallery, Brook Street Gallery, Fine Art Society and Society of British Artists, the latter society which elected JW its President in 1886. He also exhibited with the Royal Society of Artists in Birmingham, Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Royal Hibernian Academy, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Manchester City Art Gallery.

Hayes was amongst those proposed invitees to a dinner organised by W. C. Symons to congratulate JW on becoming an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Munich, a dinner which was to be held at the Criterion in Piccadilly on 1 May 1889 (#05635).


Wood, Christopher, Dictionary of Victorian Artists, Woodbridge, 1971; Johnson, J., and Anna Gruetzner, Dictionary of British Artists 1880-1940, Woodbridge, 1980.