He was the son of a Jewish dentist. His second wife, Alice, had studied medicine and was a writer and campaigner for social improvements in Ireland.
He was trained as an opthalmic surgeon, and was a medical journalist and campaigner for social and medical reforms.
He was the editor of the The Lancet from 1857 and editor of the British Medical Journal from 1866.
He was mentioned to JW as an (unfriendly) critic by M. B. Huish of the Fine Art Society in London in 1895 (#01330).
Encyclopedia Brittanica, (11th edition) 1911, at http://www.1911encyclopedia.org (accessed 2005).