Documents associated with: 97th Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts, Royal Academy, London, 1865
Record 10 of 14
System Number: 04335
Date: [February 1866/January 1867]
Place: [London and Valparaiso]
Repository: Glasgow University Library
Call Number: MS Whistler NB9
Document Type: AD/Ms
Southampton Cap - top high street near Old Gateway
Don Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velazquez
[p. 2] Tickets to Southampton
|Mrs D. and L. (15s. 6)||1.||11.||0|
|Stewards fee (Seine)||10.||0|
|Bill from Dunlop -||1.||13.||8|
|Colon - porter luggage.||2.||6|
|Steward Solent -||5.||0|
15 Ebury Street
|To the Days. Nos||£5||03503|
|Colon - Baggage -||21.|
|24. 7 4 -|
|£ 5. 0.0|
H. N Wackrill - Purser
R M. S. P C - Solent
Dr Mitton - Solent
W. N. Herbert 1st Officer - Solent -
Dr McMahon - (Seine)
Capt. H. Woolcot -
Mason - 1st Engineer -
Spilsburry 1st Officer
Dickey - Purser
Milligan 3rd Officer -
Lima - Bills
£4. 0. 0
10. 8 .3
14. 8 .3
£5. to Lizzie. 97267
|Steward fee -||10s -||0|
|for boat & baggage||1.||0.||0|
Mrs Doty paid me £10. 10 - March 17 - left due - £5. 0 -
22 Mrs Doty paid all
Borrowed from W. W.
338 Rue St Honoré
Jan 10. 1867
H. M. S. "Leander" -
Horace Pugh - Lt. Williams Lt. Fellows - Warrington - Napier - Lindeman - Lascelles - Holt -
H. M. S. "Malacca"
Needham - Liardet - Lacoste - Bamfield surgn - Jackson -
H. M. S. Mutine 
Grant - surg -
No. 9. Victor Sq.
20 Little Queen Street
Grt George St.
Horace Pugh -
16. Berkley Sq
D. O. Murray 60 Addison Sq
Fergusson [Esquena?] & Co
'James H. Jenney
H. M. S. - "Malacca" -
George Melville Jackson
Lansdown Rd. Place ?
in care John Jackson Esq
Mon. 3 Hotel Lafayette -
T 4 1. bottle wine - 1 bougie
W 5 1. breakfast.
S. 8 1 bougie
Sun. 9 1. bain de pieds [farine de Mont?]
M 10 1. Tea - 2 bougies -
T. 11 1 bougie - 2 eggs. 1 beefstk
110 - Stable 20 -
|£50||300 = £60|
The 2 fourwheelers locked -
The silver soup ladle & the 3 wishes -
" " " " & the Indian chief
Mr Kettle and little kettles
The breach of promise with intention to marry -
The old boys at [Greenwich?] -
The Irishman & the stilton cheese
"Kinder Gay- "
The cove out West in the wagon -
Captain Drummond & the Yankee Skipper
"I was the man"
The sailor in the omnibus who was not to be insulted
[p. 10 is blank, p. 11]
$. 70 -
40 - 
Athenaeum May 6 - 1865
Times 24. May - 65
Telegraph " 22 - 65
London Review " 27. 65
Telegraph. " 11. - 65.
[p. 12] 'Dr M. J. Mitton
R. M. S. Solent
12 Edwards Square
[p. 13, drawing, Map of America]
1st letter probably leave St Thomas 28th Feb - [to] reach London 15. of March -
2nd letter might leave Colon . . . . . and arrive in England 28 or 30 -
March 17. April 27.*
April 2. May 15th.* bombardment
April 17. May 27 -*
May 3. June 15* next
Friday 2 - Feb - Seine left Portsm[outh]
* Sunday 4 -
* Sunday 11 -
* Sunday 18. St Thomas -
Wednesday 21 Colon (arrived eveg)
Thursday 22. left Colon for Panama
A Friday 23. Panama
Saturday 24. left Panama
A Wednesday 28. Payta (evening)
Thursday 1. March left Payta
* Saturday 3. Callao
* Sunday 4 Lima
Monday 5. left Callao
Wednesday 7. Islay (cliffs)
A Thursday 8. Arica. (letter)
Friday 9 Cobija (church)
Saturday 10. Caldera (on shore)
* Sunday 11. March -
* Monday 12. Valpariso - [sic]
* Saturday 17. wrote home via Pacific
Tuesday 20. went to Santiago
Wednesday 21. business
Thursday 22. El Carmen, & Isabella
la Catholica left N.Y. news this day
[p. 15] Friday 23 Return to
SantiagoValparaiso appears the U. S. Com. Rogers offered to arrange matters -
* Saturday 24 - Spanish Admirals  ultimatum - 'if by the 28th their flag be not saluted, he will take extreme measures['] - (bombard?)
Evening - news of attempted communication with, and delivery of dispatch to Spanish fleet - individual captured - supposed Englishman -
Sunday - 25 - Mistake about the Spanish Spy - a Scotch chap drunk and on a lark! -
Wed 28 Went out to Limache
Thu 29 Returned to Valparaiso
Frid. 30 " "
Sat. 31 - Bombardment of Valparaiso!
Sund 1. April
A Mon 2. Wrote to England -
*Tues 3 - Letter went by "M. S. Limonia" Went out again to Limache -
Wed. 4 }
Thurs. 5 } Ill. -
Frid. 6 }
Sat 7 Left Limache, returned to Valp[araiso]
Mon 9 - Alamarque
Tues 10 -
Wed. 11 English Mail arrived
Sat 14 Spaniards left
[p. 16]Thursday 8. Arica - no news - La [Sineda?] boiler burst - 14 men killed
Monday 5. At Callao. Went on board the Loa. Ironclad, built by Mr Backus - Started and run aground by her Capt in full day - in the harbour - Capt in Irons - Backus got her off - unharmed he says - ready in 2. months -
- 14th or 15 - The Undesam came in - was first detained by the U. S. authorities but finally given up to the Spaniards -
Cummings & his machine -
The Blanca goes into Lota -
Sunday 8. One of the frigates went out yesterday - Blanca? - Lota, or Cornel [coding?] ports - there are 5- compl -
2. ships came in this afternoon
what are they -
rumors by the steamer from the south of quarrel between Chile & Peruv[ian]. commanders in Chile - two prizes burnt the other day - 5 - 3000. tons of coal on board -
Wed. 11 English Mail S. The Chile arrived at about 1. pm brings as passenger
Sun 15 -
Mond 16 -
*Tues 17 - Wrote home - Mail left -
Wed - 18
Friday 20 - Pugh & Scott dined - 1 [cantinac?]
Saturday 21 Pugh - tea -
Sunday. 22. Dined on board "Leander"
Mon. 23. Scott & Williams dined 1. bot. x sherry
Tues - 24
Wed - 25 -
Thurs - 26
Friday 27. The Santiago arrived
Sun - 29 -
Mon. 30 1. glass cognac -
1. bottle 1. bottle wine
Tues. 1. May - Newspaper -
Scott - dined -
Wed. 2. Pugh - 1 Coffee & glass Curacoa
* Thurs. 3 Pugh. breakfast - 1. bottle wine
Mail left - wrote home
Mon. 7 Scott - Williams Pugh - dined - 1. bottle wine
Tues. 8 -
Thurs. 10. 1. bottle wine.
Friday. 11. Scott. Pugh. dined - 1 bottle wine
[p. 18] the Chilean Admiral Simpson - News of the stoppage of the Chil. Corvettes in England, also Spanish ships of war. The Huascar and Indepen[den]cia said to have finally sailed on the 27th Feb -
Sat. 14. The Spanish fleet sailed - Supposed to have gone North - English Frigate Sutlej sailed also North -
Sun 15 Heard in conversation with stranger of arrival of [Harvest?] at Chilou - 3 days ago - knew details - knew also Mr Lynch native - Met Mr Davis - heard him talk of this ship spoke of D as of an acquaintance -
Monday 16 U. S. Ships prepare to sail -
Tuesday 17 - U. S. S. Vanderbilt, [Tuscarosa?] & The Monitor leave the bay - gone N. English Mail S - also left - U. S. S. Swanee came in with Admiral Pearson on board - said not to have seen any thing of the Spaniards - it is suggested they have gone to Juan Fernandes -
Mail from the South - no letters - and all report nothing new -
Sunday 22. Mail via [St Nazein?] arrived - no letters. -
Friday 27. Mail from England - letters from D - Lisbon - No news - vague report of the Spaniards having been seen north of the Bolivian port -
Tuesday May 1st There has been lately nothing worth noting - no distinct news of value is to be had - vague [continued on p. 20]
[p. 19] Leander left
Sat 12. Pugh[,] Williams, Lindeman - took café au lait - at breakf - no breakft
Sun 13 - 1. bottle wine -
*Thur. 17. 1. bottle wine. Mail dept. Wrote home
Frid. 18 no horse -
Mon 21 no horse
Wed 23 - borrowed Mr D. $100. 1 bot. w[ine] -
Thur 24 Glasses Cognac - Milligan
Sun. 27 Mail arrived -
Mon. 28 Topaze arrived
Tue 29 Scott & Miller dined, 1. bot 3 [pet. a.?]
Wed 30 -
Frid. 1. June
Sat - 2. Scott Needham. dine. 1. bottle. 2 cigars.
* Sun - 3. Reciev. [sic] from Mrs D. $90 wrote home
Mon. 4. Scott dine. 1 cigar-
Tues. 5. 1 bottle wine -
Thur 7 1. bottle beer } horse for
Frid 8 Miligan [sic] break. - } [Plyanchu?]
Sun 10 - sandwiches
[p. 20] reports of the Spaniards going to the Chinchos - The authorities here are fortifying - guns to be cast at Limache - saw the first one when there - 300th - They have also been trying small t-boats in the bay - paragraph appeared in today's paper about what we already knew by post -
Sat 12 - English Mail steamer "Perou" arrived - brought the clear news from Callao of the engagement of the Spaniards with that port - details to be relied on in letters from Officers in H.M.S's stationed there -
Sat 9. June Nothing worth noting has taken place -
The Capt is much mistaken if he supposes general ignorance about his undertaking - nothing is more generally known - Was told this morning openly at the break. table by a Gov. Officer when he left his post - The off. having the fact in a gov. letter of which he made no secret - A German came to the hotel a while ago and told the Landlady that he met them all on his way from Europe - and entered into details -
Mon. 11. Sandw. Mail arrived -
Tues 12. (Priv view Acad. May 4. opens Mon 7)
Wed. 13 Scott dined 1. bot wine. 1 cigar
Thurs. 14. Miller dined 1. bot wine. 1 cigar
Frid. 15 -
Sat. 16 - 2 Officers dined. 1 bot. 4 cig. 4. Curacaos
*Sun. 17 - 1 bot. "Corton" - wrote home
Mon. 18 -} 1 bot - ?
Tues. 19. }
Thurs. 21 -
Sun 24 1 glass Curacao
Mon 25. 1 bot. wine ½ [ale?] -
Wed. 27 Pacific arrived
Thurs. 28 2. bot. port -
Sat. 30 1 bot. wine. 1 dinner., 1 bot Cognac
Sun 1 July -
Mon 2 Leander left Callao -
*Tues 3 (?) Wrote home via Pacific
Wed 4 Scott. Ramf. dined. 2 bot. wine. 7 petits veres.[sic]
Thurs 5 1 bot. wine - 1. bot. Cognac - Jacks paid for his dinner
Friday 6 Malacca left for Calao -
Sat - 7 - 1 bot. ale -
Tues 10. 1. bot. Cognac -
Wed 11. Mail arrived
Thurs 12 1. bot - wine - 2½ bot pale ale -
(?) Mono from Sweats
Sun 15 - 1. bot wine. 1 bot. pale ale
Tues 17. Wrote home via "Perou"
Frid. 20 (?) 1. bot. wine - M/B 01719
Sat - 21 -
Mon. 23 (?) last horse
Tues. 24 - The "Henrietta" arrived this morning!!
Wed. 25 - Recieved [sic] from Doty 10 Dols
Thurs - 26
Fri. 27 - Mail arrived
Mon 30 Recieved [sic] from Doty 10. dols
Tues 31 1. bout[eille de]. vin.
Wed 1. August -
Thurs 2 - 1. bot. cognac -
*Frid. 3 Chalaco. from D. 5. (?) wrote home
=Sun 5 1. bot. cognac - from D. 5.
Wed 8 Slapped Luses face with his letter -
Thurs 9 Went to Santiago -
Sun 12 Came to Valparaiso - from D. 5
Mon - 13
Thurs 16 1. bot. wine - Miller breakf[ast] from D 5.
Fri. 17 Mail left - no letter
Thur 23 Received from D. $10.00.
Wed 29 2 bottles wine - 1 dinner Miller - 4 petit[e]s ver[r]es cognac - 2 absinthes
Rec from D.
Owe D. $
[drawing, Studies of a case or box]
12) 230 (19.2
) 210 (17.6
12) 195 (16.5
12) 265 -(22.1
Due me 17 10 -
Drawing room. 19½ x 26½
[drawing, inscribed:] 16.5 [wide] 22.1 [long]
[drawing, inscribed:] North room / 19.2 / 23 / 21 / 17.6
[p. 25:] Graham. 8 Dover St,
nis. nis. nis. -
On ne manque pas de pretextes [sic] / pour couvrir ses fautes au mis/nistère! - [sic]
When the 13 is [printing?]: when the 13 is [met?] put:
[drawing of a Can] drink a [drawing of a tankard] of Beer
12) 92 (7.
For Chinese bedstead -
Mattrass [sic] &c. size -
6ft. 1.½ x 3. 11.½
21¾ x 16½
[p. 27, drawing, Woman seen from the back, in riding dress and a ruff]
Mother 34. Schloss St-
[p. 31, drawing, Flower, ball, and a landscape]
|35 -||bills||Board||35 -|
|30 -||Hotel -||50 -|
U. S. 24 f. pm -
passed 25 - 5. am -
J. W [lines h hook?]
[La Sineda?] - boiler burst, killed 14. men -
21 April 2 -
1 May -
[Ladie Dorsy?] - 1.
[Mary U.?] - 4 -
1. [February 1866/January 1867]
JW's trip to Valparaiso lasted from February to September 1866. However, some entries in the notebook refer back to events in 1865 (p. 11) and others date from after his return (pp. 25-26), while one transaction on p. 5 was precisely dated 10 January 1867.
2. Southampton Cap
JW sailed from Southampton, on the south coast of England, on 2 February 1866 (see p. 14 below). Years later, he described the expedition to the Pennells: 'It was a moment when many of the adventurers the war had made of many Southerners, were knocking about London, hunting for something to do, and, I hardly knew how, but the something resolved itself into an expedition to go and help the Chilians and, I cannot say why, the Peruvians too. Anyhow, there were South Americans to be helped against the Spaniards. Some of these people came to me, as a West Point man, and asked me to join - and it was all done in an afternoon. I was off at once in a steamer from Southampton to Panama.' (Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 134).
Captain Horace H. Doty (b. 1824 or 1825), officer of marines, specialist in signal lights and lighthouse illumination [more]. The sums recorded above may represent loans, advances, or payments made by Doty to JW for services rendered. The exact nature of their relationship is not clear, although Anthony Frederick Augustus Sandys (1829-1904), portrait painter and designer [more], told William Michael Rossetti (1829-1919), civil servant and critic [more], that JW was employed to carry 'mines' to Valparaiso (Merrill, Linda, The Peacock Room. A Cultural Biography, New Haven and London, 1998, p. 81 citing W. M. Rossetti's diary, [2 November 1866], University of British Columbia Library, Angeli-Dennis 15/1). Doty invented, promoted and patented several useful devices including signalling rockets and mineral oil burners for light houses, but is not known to have been involved in armaments. It appears that Doty was not pleased with the result of the mission. Immediately after JW's return, 'when he got out of the train at Euston, or Waterloo, some one, besides his friends was waiting [...] Somebody got a thrashing' (Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 136.)
5. Mrs D. and L.
Astive Doty (b. 1840 or 1841), née Froidure, wife of H. H. Doty [more]. It is not clear who 'L' was. The party appears to have consisted of four people. Doty appears to have travelled separately.
The Seine was the ship upon which JW set out from Southampton. It belonged to the Royal Mail Steam Packet [West Indies] Company. See Gibbs, Vernon, British Passenger Liners of the Five Oceans, London, 163, pp. 326, 437-462.
JW must have disembarked from the Solent at Colon, and taken the train to Panama, where he embarked on the Pacific, a paddle steamer of the Pacific Steam Navigation Company.
The Solent was built in 1857, to a new design, by J. and R. White of Cowes. She was a ship of 1804 tons built for the Royal West Indian Mail Company.
10. 75 Ebury Street
This note does not seem to have anything to do with other notes on the page. In 1865 it was the address of Francis Rooker and in 1866, of Frederick Quelch (Webster's Royal Red Book or Court and Fashionable Register, London, April 1865 and April 1866). Neither are known to have any connection with JW.
This is probably a list of cheque or bank note numbers; this table was written upside down to the rest of the text.
A number of sums in the notebook relate to JW's own expenses and the sharing of expenses with his travel companions.
13. H. N Wackrill
H. N. Wackrill, purser on RMS Solent.
14. Dr Mitton
Dr Michael John Mitton (b. 1842), surgeon (registered 1862).
15. W. N. Herbert
W. N. Herbert, first mate on RMS Solent. The name or position of Herbert as given by JW may be incorrect. A William W. Herbert, born in Nottinghamshire in 1828, served on the Seine in 1863, 1865 and 1867-1868 in the West Indies.
16. Dr McMahon
Dr William McMahon, naval surgeon, appointed an acting assistant surgeon on 7 September 1863, must have been a passenger on the Seine, going to St Thomas. In October 1865 he was appointed to HMS Perseus, which had been for five years on the China Station. By December 1866 he was serving on HMS Supply, a store ship at Woolwich, after briefly serving with the coastguard HMS St George at Portland.
17. Capt Rivett
Captain Rivett, captain of the Seine.
18. Jack Morish
Jack Morish, purser on the Seine .
The Pacific was a coastal vessel, travelling up and down the west coast of South America. The officers included: Captain Henry John Woolcot (b. 1828), captain of RMS Pacific [more]; Lieut. Spilsbury, first mate of RMS Pacific; Lieut. Milligan, third mate of RMS Pacific; Dickey, purser on RMS Pacific; Mason, first engineer of RMS Pacific.
20. Lima - Bills
This list of expenses was apparently for a party of four.
23. W. W.
This was probably William Louis Winans (1823-before 1907), locomotive manufacturer and civil engineer [more], or Walter Scott Winans (1840-1928), civil engineer [more]. However, it could also have been William McNeill Whistler (1836-1900), physician, JW's brother [more], who was certainly with JW in Paris in late April 1867. This note was written upside-down to the main text.
24. H. M. S. Leander
HMS Leander was a 4th rate, wood, screw frigate of 2760 tons, with a crew of 525 men. She was launched in 1848 as a 50 gun ship powered by sail, and was converted to steam-and-sail in 1860-1861 (National Archives, Admiralty Archives ADM 135/274, 180/10, 180/14). She left England for the Pacific on 26 May 1863. She was commanded by the Senior Officer of the Southern Division of the Pacific Station, Commodore Michael de Courcy, until 16 June 1866, when he exchanged commands with William Dowell of HMS Topaze. He was then succeeded as Commodore by Captain Richard Ashmore Powell. Leander was based in Vaparaiso from October 1865 to 12 May 1866, and at Callao from 28 May to 2 July 1866, when she returned to England, was de-commissioned, and broken up at Sheerness. The lists of naval officers on pp. 6-7 appear out of sequence in JW's notebook, and may have been written specifically as a record of contacts, rather than as part of the journal. The officers on HMS Leander included: Lenox Napier (b. ca 1847), Sub-Lieutenant on HMS Leander [more]; George Sidney Lindemann (b. 1845), appointed Sub-Lieutenant on HMS Leander on 14 October 1865 ; Arthur M. Williams (b. 1846), naval lieutenant on HMS Leander; Hon. F. C. Lascelles, midshipman, HMS Leander. In addition, JW listed Charles J. Fellowes (1823-1886), naval officer, HMS Leander[more], and Albert Thornhill Caesar Warrington (b. 1840), lieutenant, HMS Leander; Horace John Moore Pugh (b. 1844), naval officer, acting Sub-Lieutenant on HMS Leander [more], and Sidney A. Holt, midshipman, HMS Leander. (We are grateful for the information on naval records provided by Marc J. Loost, 14 March 2005, GWC).
25. H. M. S. Malacca
HMS Malacca was a 6th rate screw sloop of 1034 tons, with 17 guns. She was launched as a sailing ship in Burmah in 1862, and later powered by 200 horse power engines. After leaving England on 12 May 1865 she arrived in Valparaiso on 15 August 1865. She was based at Valparaiso during JW's visit, from 25 May-12 July 1865, and at Callao on 26 July 1866 only. She carried 215 men and was commanded by Captain Radulphus B. Oldfield. The list of officers includes Raymond Barron Needham (b. 1846), Sub-Lieutenant on HMS Malacca [more]; Francis Filmer Liardet (b. 1846), appointed Sub-Lieutenant on HMS Malacca on 20 November 1865 [more]; George Sandom La Coste, appointed Sub-Lieutenant on HMS Malacca on 15 November 1865 ; Samuel Bamfield (b. ca 1838), Assistant Surgeon on HMS Malacca [more]; as well as George Melville Jackson (d. 1889), RN, clerk, HMS Malacca [more].
26. H.M.S. Mutine
HMS Mutine was a wood, screw sloop of 882 tons, launched in 1858, powered by 600 horse power engines and manned by 515 men. She had left England on 21 February 1866 to replace Leander as the ship of the Senior Officer. She was in Callao from 7 April-8 June 1866 and in Valparaiso from early July to mid-August, and again in September 1866. As with the list of officers on HMS Malacca, JW notes meeting Dr William Grant, appointed assistant surgeon on HMS Mutine on 5 April 1865.
29. Horace Pugh
Horace John Moore Pugh (b. 1844), naval officer, acting Sub-Lieutenant on HMS Leander [more]. At 16 (not 15) Berkeley Square lived a John Walter Pugh, who may have been a relation (Webster's Royal Red Book or Court and Fashionable Register, April 1865 and April 1866).
30. D. O. Murray
D. O. Murray, possibly a fellow-passenger of JW en route to South America.
32. Fergusson [Esquena?] & Co
Agents in Santa Marta.
33. James H. Jenney
James H. Jenney, possibly a fellow-passenger of JW en route to South America.
35. John Jackson
John Jackson, Senior Clerk to Vice-Admiral Paget, First Secretary at the Admiralty, London. JW may have needed an influential contact to help sort out any diplomatic or personal problems.
36. Mr Meigs
Henry Meiggs (1811-1877), railroad contractor and businessman. The memoirs of Daniel Trigg (b. 1843), a former Confederate naval officer, mention meeting Meigs: 'I was one day ... in Baltimore when I was accosted by ... Edward G Reed, with whom I had been at the Naval Academy ... Reed was an enterprising fellow and ... told me that he had been engaged by the Chilian Government to select some companions to go to Chili, which country was then at war with Spain, and to blow up with torpedoes the Spanish vessels that were blocading the ports of that country, and proposed that I should go with him and to that end meet him in New York by a certain day, that in the meantime he would go to Norfolk in search of an Engineer whom I recommended, Elias Hall. I told him that Micou Mason was in town and was attached to a steamer that was to run between Baltimore and Savannah and that we might get him as one of our party, we accordingly went and secured his services ... Neither of us had had any experience with torpedoes and Mason told him that Captain Glacell, formerly of the Confederate Navy, was experienced in that line, and that his home was I believe in Louden or Fairfax County, Virginia, and that he could be engaged to post us in the use, construction and management of torpedoes and accordingly Reed was to see him on this trip. We were promised free transportation to Chili and a deposit of $500.00 in gold in case we wished to return, and a salary of $80.00 per month. ...We met the party in New York ... and met the Chilian agent, Mr. Vicenna McKenna, who was a man of distinction in Chili and of a refined and old family of that country, ... and about the 11th day of December 1865 we sailed out of New York for Aspenwall on one of the Pacific Mail Steamers bound for Chili. There we crossed the peninsula and ... took the steamer at Panama bound for Calio ... we remained for some days in Lima, when one night it was announced that we should go on board a Chilian steamer which was lying in harbor at Calio. ... Mason and I ... found that she was commanded by Captain, afterwards Admiral, Lynch, of the Chilian Navy, who in the subsequent war between Chili and Peru commanded the Chilian forces ... Captain Lynch spoke English perfectly and was indeed a most courteous and admirable gentleman. The others having arrived we sailed out of Calio Harbor that night and next day met at sea two Peruvian corvets, ... which had been built for the Confederacy at Liverpool and afterwards sold to the Peruvian Government. ... we entered this little harbor of Blight, ... we started over the mountains ... Our party then consisted of Reed, Hall, Mason and myself and a man named Cilley who was Chilean Agent, and a gun founder, an Englishman, whom Cilley had procured to go to Chili with a view to founding and constructing guns and cannon. ... Reaching the railroad we took passage for Santiago ... Here we became acquainted with Mr Meigs an American of great ability and foresight, who had gone to that country and had constructed the railroad over which we had come from Valparaiso to Santiago and at that time had realized an immense fortune. He was ... erecting a residence of great elegance and taste, ... He treated me with the greatest consideration and courtesy ... we went to Valparaiso to take in the situation in reference to the blocade of that port by the Spanish fleet, and there we concluded to construct the torpedoes, which was to be under the supervision and direction of Hall the engineer, who was a man of considerable attainments in his profession, and we procured a boat, crude and insufficient to be sure but the best we could get, which we concluded to fit out as a torpedo boat and clad her with iron. In this we were engaged for some weeks and in the meantime vibrating between Valparaiso and Santiago. ... We remained in Chili for some months and completed the torpedo boats and announced ourselves ready to make a movement and attempt the destruction of one of the Spanish vessels, which was lying off the harbor of Valparaiso, but we were deterred and prevented by the Government owing to diplomatic reasons of which we knew nothing. ... some of the party had become restive ... This resulted in our throwing up our engagement. We concluding to go and seek service with Peru.... We accordingly pulled out and went to Peru, where we found an American can secure a contract of considerable magnitude for constructing torpedo boats at Calio and for putting down torpedoes in that harbor. We commenced negotiations with the Peruvian Government and finally the Spanish fleet having bombarded Valparaiso was reported as coming up the Coast of Peru with a view to bombarding Calio. Thereupon we were employed to place torpedoes in the harbor of Calio and succeeded in getting an electric battery and wire with which to discharge the torpedo. On the morning that the Spanish fleet made its appearance in Calio Harbor we placed and anchored a number of torpedoes, consisting of barrels of powder connected with this electric battery. Within a short time the bombardment of Calio was commenced by the Spaniards. I with Reed was located with a view to manipulating this electric battery and consequently was in Calio and had to be at the time of the bombardment. ... The bombardment then commenced, the Spanish ships consisting of an iron clad, "Numancea", then a modern type, two or three frigates of perhaps fifty guns each and several smaller vessels, steaming around the harbor in front of the battery and delivering broadsides as they passed. ... I got through with my work in endeavoring to explode the torpedoes with the electric battery, and I have never been entirely satisfied whether they exploded or not, I started to meet my engagement. ... After the battle was over the fleet drew off under the lee of an island, I believe called Santa Rosa, at the mouth of the harbor and laid there for several days. The man who contracted for the torpedo boats as yet accomplished nothing and had done nothing and he seemed to think that had to do something to save his reputation and perhaps his contract. He came to me and asked if I would go out in one of the boats with him and endeavor to blow up one of the ships with a torpedo. I ... foolishly consented to do so provided he would give the command of the boat to my friend and companion Reed, and that he would handle the torpedo which was a Cushing torpedo similar to that with which the Confederate iron clad Albemarle was blown up by Lieut. Cushing during the War. This he consented to and therupon [sic] one night we went on this expedition. We got into the immediate vicinity of the Spanish fleet and thereupon [sic] it being up to him to handle his torpedo and get it into position for explosion the tackling by which it was to be rigged out became entangled in some way, or he claimed it to be, and was unable to extricate it. We were in no comfortable position as we were liable at any time to be discovered ... after a short consultation, very short, we concluded to put about and go back to the wharf, which we did.' ('The Life of Daniel Trigg, C.S.N.', memoir, at http://cssvirginia.org; accessed 2005.04).
Backus, possibly a naval architect. The name may not be correctly spelt.
38. Gihon (Allsop)
Gihon could be a person or a place. Gihon, mentioned in the Bible, was one of the four rivers of Eden, and also a spring, in the Qidron valley; and the name was given to other sites including the Gihon River, Vermont. However, JW's memo probably refers to possible contacts in Chile. There is the remote possibility that it refers to Albert Leary Gihon (b. 1833), a professor in the Philadelphia Medical College in 1853-54, who entered the United States navy in 1855 as assistant surgeon, and became a surgeon in 1861. He may have known JW's brother William who studied in Philadelphia with Dr Darrach.
40. bain de pieds [farine de Mont?]
Fr., foot bath.
41. 40 -
JW may have been converting dollars into pounds sterling.
6 May 1865. This is a list of reviews of the Royal Academy in 1865, when JW exhibited Brown and Silver: Old Battersea Bridge (YMSM 33)as 'Old Battersea Bridge' (cat. no. 343) and Symphony in White, No. 2: The Little White Girl (YMSM 52) as 'The Little White Girl' (cat. no. 530). It includes the London Times, 24 May 1865; Daily Telegraph, London, 11 and 22 May 1865; London Review, 27 May 1865.
43. M. J. Mitton
Dr Michael John Mitton (b. 1842), surgeon (registered 1862). He may have travelled only as far as St Thomas. JW's ship called at St Thomas on 18 February en route for Colon and Panama (see p. 14, below). This name and address were written in another hand.
45. 1st letter
No letters from JW en route or from South America have been located.
April 2., May 15 see below.
According to JW, 'I was off at once on a steamer to Panama. We crossed the isthnus, and it was all awful - earthquakes and things - and I vowed, once I got home, that nothing would ever bring me back again.' (Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 134). Actually JW went by steamer to Colon, crossed by train to Panama and there caught the Pacific.
'March' is also written in the left margin.
No letter from or to JW from Arica or any other port on this journey has been located. The steamer called at all the important ports down the west coast, from Payta to Callan, Lima, Islay, Arica, Cobiha, and Caldera.
JW arrived in Valparaiso on 12 March 1866, after a voyage lasting six weeks. The last date relating to his stay in Valparaiso appears to be Monday 3 September (see p. 24 below) but there is no record of the return journey.
51. wrote home via Pacific
This letter has not been located. By the 'Pacific', JW means the ship, not the ocean.
According to JW, 'I found myself in Valparaiso, and in Santiago, and I called on the President, or whatever the person then in authority was.' (Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 134).
53. El Carmen, & Isabella la Catholica
54. Com. Rogers
Commodore John Rodgers (1812-1882), USS Vanderbilt, commander of the US Naval Squadron at Valparaiso [more], was second in command of the Pacific Squadron. He joined a US delegation led by General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick that made proposals to end hostilities between the Spanish Squadron and Chilean Government. Rodgers left Valparaiso on 17 April 1866, and Rear Admiral George F. Pearson took charge.
55. Spanish Admirals
Vice Admiral Don José Manuel Pareja y Rodriguez Septien (1813-1865), Spanish naval commander [more], was succeeded by Commodore Don Casto Secundino Maria Méndez Nunez (1824-1869), commander of the Spanish navy in Chile [more], in command of the Spanish squadron.
A town in Chile, some 20 miles inland from Valparaiso, which JW visited at least twice.
57. Bombardment of Valparaiso
JW said later, 'And then came the bombardment. There was the beautiful bay with its curving shores, the town of Valparaiso on one side, on the other, the long line of hills. And there, just at the entrance of the bay, was the Spanish fleet, and the American fleet, and the Russian fleet, and all the other fleets. And when the morning came, with great circles and sweeps, one after another sailed out into the open sea, until the Spanish fleet alone remained. It drew up right in front of the town, and bang went a shell, and the bombardment began. The Chileans didn't pretend to defend themselves. The people all got out of the way, and I and the other officials rode to the opposite hills, where we could look on. The Spaniards conducted the performance in the most gentlemanly fashion; they just set fire to a few of the houses, and once, with some sense of fun, they sent a shell whizzing towards our hills. And then I knew what a panic was. I and the officials turned and rode as hard as we could, anyhow, anywhere. The riding was splendid, and I, as a West Point man, was head of the procession. By noon, the performance was over. The Spanish fleet sailed again into position, the other fleets sailed in, sailors landed to put out the fires, and I and the officials rode back into Valparaiso. All the little girls of the town had turned out, waiting for us, and as we rode in they called us 'Cowards!' (Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, pp. 134-35). The Blanca and Villa de Madrid started by bombarding the custom-houses, while the Vincedora, fired on the Bolsa and Intendencia; the Resolucion, firing somewhat wildly, sent some shots into the hills around Valparaiso (see Clement P. Penny, RN, diagram of the incident, Illustrated London News, 26 March 1866, and their leader deploring the destruction of merchandise, 9 June 1866; and Admiral Denman to the Admiralty, 2 April 1866, Letter no. 32 in Y-31, ADM 1/5959)
58. M. S. Limonia
Possibly the mail steamer Limena of the Pacific Steam Navigation Company. JW's letter has not been located.
60. Mr Backus
Backus, possibly a naval architect (the name is difficult to read). The Peruvian ironclad Loa ran ashore on Callao spit on 5 February 1866, the second Peruvian ship lost since she had declared war on Spain. HMS Columbine went to her assistance (Columbine Logbook, ADM 53/8981; Illustrated London News, 31 March 1866, p. 312; Times, London, 17 March 1866, p. 12; see also 'The Spanish attack on Callao', Times, London, 14 June 1866, p. 6).
Although the word as written by JW looks rather like 'Uncle Sam', JW probably meant the Undesam, which was used as a steam transport vessel for the Spanish squadron at the time of the attack on Callao on 2 May 1866 (Gaceto de Madrid, 16 June 1866).
Inventor of a 'machine'; not identified.
Blanca was a 36 gun Spanish frigate; the other Spanish frigates were the Numancia and Berenguela (30 guns each), Resolucion (40 guns), Almansa, and Villa de Madrid, plus the gun boat Vecendora and schooner Trionfo. The squadron was reinforced with several other small frigates and transports and had a total of some 300 guns.
A small coastal town north of Lota.
30 gun Spanish frigate.
Almansa, 50 gun Spanish frigate.
68. Pugh & Scott
Scott, possibly a passenger or officer on HMS Leander. Pugh was an officer from HMS Leander (see p. 6 above). Scott is not recorded in her crew.
69. [p. 18]
This continues the text from p. 16 above.
71. Huascar and Indepen[den]cia
Two powerful British built iron clads in the Peruvian navy. They arrived from Britain after some delay, too late to contribute to the war against Spain, though their imminent arrival strengthened the resolve of the governments of Chile and Peru.
HMS Sutlej, was a 4th rate, wood, screw frigate of 3066 tones, launched in 1855 and converted to steam in 1859-1860. She had 500 horse power engines, and carried 35 guns, and a complement of 515 men commanded by Captain Treven P. Coode. She was the flag ship of the Pacific squadron, under Rear Admiral Hon. Joseph Denman. She left England on 11 December 1862, and arrived in Valparaiso from Esquimalt on 2 February 1866 (see Denman's report to the Admiralty, 2 February 1866, ADM 1/5969, Y-3, National Archives). The Sutlej was sold and broken up in 1869.
73. Mr Lynch
Lynch, an acquaintance of JW, probably resident in Valparaiso.
74. Mr Davis
76. Vanderbilt, [Tuscarona?] & The Monitor
The USS Vanderbilt, Tuscarosa, and Monadnock left Valparaiso on 17 April, sailing north.
77. Admiral Pearson
Admiral George F. Pearson, USS Suwanee, naval commander. He took over from Rodgers (letter from Commodore de Courcy, 17 April 1866, CAP D-61 in ADM 1/5970)
78. Pugh[,] Williams, Lindeman
These were on HMS Leander (see p. 6 above), which left Valparaiso at 8 p.m, arriving at Callao on 28 May, and then sailing for England.
HMS Topaze, launched in 1858, was a 4th rate, wood, screw frigate of 2659 tons, 600 horse power engines, of 31 guns, with a complement of 515 men. She had left England on 21 February 1866 to replace the Leander as the ship of the Senior Officer of the Southern Division.
80. Scott & Miller
Miller, an acquaintance of JW in Paris. Scott seems to have been JW's most regular companion, and does not appear to have been a naval officer. JW may have met him in Valparaiso.
81. Scott Needham
Presumably this means Scott and Needham (see above).
82. [p. 20]
Continued from p. 18.
The Chincha Islands (las Chinchas), off the coast of Peru, were a rich source of guano. The Spanish occupied the islands on 14 April 1865 as security for money owed by the Peruvian government.
The Chilean Government planned to use 'torpedoes' against the Spanish Navy, which in its turn threatened to bombard Valparaiso in retaliation. At this time the word 'torpedo' implied an explosive device (bomb, shell or mine) used against shipping, and activated by remote control or time-delay fuse. John Louis Jay (1832-1899), who perfected the US naval torpedo used to destroy the Confederate ram ship Albemarle in October 1864, arrived in Callao in February 1866, possibly to develop torpedoes or torpedo boats. After the Spanish left Valparaiso Bay, the Chileans tested two small manned submersible vessels, the 't-boats' referred to by JW, which proved completely impractical (see letters from Denman to the Admiralty, 2 February-March 1866, ADM 1/5959; W. Taylor Thomson to the Foreign Office, 24 February 1866; De Courcy to the Admiralty, 22 May 1866, ADM 1/5970).
Peru was a British mail steamer, like the Chile, run by the Pacific Steam Navigation Company. JW called her by the French word, 'le Pérou'.
Royal Academy. JW of course had no works exhibited.
87. wrote home
88. Wrote home via Pacific
89. petits veres.
petits verres, Fr., little glasses (probably of brandy or liqueur).
The mail ship Peru; JW's letter has not been located.
JW's description of the bombardment of Valparaiso on 31 March (see above, p. 15), ends 'The Henriquetta [sic], the ship fitted up in London, did not appear till long after, and then we breakfasted, and that was the end of it.' (Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 135). Apparently the Henrietta carried arms which H. H. Doty and his colleagues had intended for use in the dispute between Chile and Spain. In a letter to JW from Captain Hunter Davidson (1827-1913), Senate of the General Assembly of Maryland [more], the latter referred to 'my Ship the "Henrietta" in which I took a Torpedo expedition to Chili [sic]' (7 February 1868, #00804). The extent of JW's involvement is not clear; he may have intended to act as an intermediary or broker in the sale and/or distribution of the arms, or as a mercenary (he was, after all, West Point failed).
93. Wed 1. August
94. Chalaco. from D. 5
'Chalaco' means 'of Callao', and was also the name of a Peruvian steam warship. 'D' was probably Captain Horace H. Doty (b. 1824 or 1825), officer of marines, specialist in signal lights and lighthouse illumination [more], who had joined JW in Valparaiso and was giving him small sums of money for expenses. In June 1866 the Chilean dollar was worth £5.0.0.
95. Slapped Luses face
This argument has not been explained. JW was apparently much given to aggressive disputes at this period.
These may be sums given to or received from Doty.
The reference is not clear. The page consists mostly of sums.
Plans of a Drawing Room and North Room, and studies of an earring or pipe (The Valparaiso Notebook (M.340), p. 23), possibly done on JW's return to London in September 1866, when he was planning to move into 2 Lindsey Row (now 96 Cheyne Walk). His neighbours, the Rossettis, attended the house-warming on 5 February 1867.
Possibly William Graham (1841-1910), artist [more], or William Graham (1817-1885), MP and collector [more]. The note was written sideways on the page. The additional note 'nis. nis. nis.' is a little obscure, although it is possible that it is an exclamation. An account of the reception of the news of the fall of Sebastopol in September 1855 records that 'they cheered the Queen, the Prince, the Emperor of France, and last they gave a deafening "Nis! nis! nis! hurrah, for the fall of Sebastopol!" ' (Eva March Tappan, In the Days of Queen Victoria, 1903, pp. 204-205; at http://www.mainlesson.com, accessed 2005). Niš is also a town in town in Serbia, Yugoslavia, on the Nišava River.
101. On ne manque...au mistère
Fr., In a government office one does not need any excuse to cover up one's mistakes.
Further calculations, written upside down to the rest of the text, on top of the preceding note.
Very simple calculations.
105. G G
The notes on this page are not clear but some appear to be written in French ('sans' means 'without').
Munroe, unidentified. These notes may apply to JW's trip to Paris in April 1867.
107. Chinese bedstead
This may apply to furnishings for JW's house at 2 Lindsey Row. These three lines are written lengthways down the page, and the last two lines, upside down to the main text.
109. W. B. Macaulay
W. B. Macaulay, unidentified.
Navarelli, unidentified. The notes below ( 'final ... 1 1/2') are written on top of these three lines.
122. [Bryne or Boot?]
Not identified. This is written upside down to the main text.
123. Mr Beckwith
Probably Nelson Marvin Beckwith (d. 1889?), U. S. consul general, Paris, and Commissioner for the 1867 Paris Exhibition [more]. The rest of the page, under this note, has been torn off.
125. [Augna fistula?]
Fistula means Whistle in Latin!
127. Bowring [Arundel?] & Co
Bowring, Arundell and Co., hosiers and outfitters, 11 Fenchurch Street.