The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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Alfred Waterhouse, 1830-1905

Nationality: English
Date of Birth: 1830
Place of Birth: Liverpool
Date of Death: 1905
Place of Death:


Alfred Waterhouse, RA, was an architect, furniture designer and painter.


Waterhouse's taste was for Gothic and the Renaissance (Ruskin, Pugin and George Gilbert Scott were amongst his architectural influences) but he gradually developed a distinct style of his own which notable for its simplified forms and use of red brick and terracotta which predated elements of the Arts and Crafts Movement. In his large-scale works such the Natural History Museum, London (1873-80) and the University College Hospital (1896) he is noted for his bold, practical approach to industrial design. His business was highly successful commercially and he held a number of official positions including that of President of the Royal Institute of British Architects from 1888 to 1891.

Bibliography: (accessed 2003). Cunningham, Colin and Waterhouse, Prudence, Alfred Waterhouse, 1830-1905. Biography of a Practice, Oxford, 1996; Cunningham, C., 'Alfred Waterhouse,' The Grove Dictionary of Art Online, ed. L. Macy, (accessed September 2004).