The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
Home > On-line Edition > Biography

Hamilton Maxwell, 1830-1923

Nationality: Scottish
Date of Birth: 1830.12.27
Place of Birth: Glasgow
Date of Death: 1923.02.05
Place of Death: Glasgow


Hamilton Maxwell was a Glasgow landscape and architectural painter and watercolourist.


Maxwell initially trained for a career in business, and from 1852 to 1856 he was in Australia on a gold digging expedition. After a period in Derbyshire, he travelled to Bombay where he became Sheriff and Chairman of the Bank of Bombay in 1878. In 1881 he returned to Scotland and began a full time career as a painter. He travelled widely, painting in France, Italy, Germany and North Africa. He kept a studio in Paris from 1893 to 1898.

Maxwell was an active exhibitor, showing in London at the Royal Academy and Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours. He also exhibited at the Royal Scottish Academy, Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Water Colours, Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Aberdeen Artists' Society and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. In 1885 he was elected a member of the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Water Colours. He was appointed President of the Glasgow Art Club in 1909.

Maxwell was among those Glasgow painters who in 1891 appended their names to a list requesting that the Corporation of Glasgow buy JW's Arrangement in Grey and Black, No. 2: Portrait of Thomas Carlyle (YMSM 137) (#12326).


Johnson, J., and A. Gruetzner, Dictionary of British Artists 1880-1940, Woodbridge, 1980; McEwan, Peter J. M., Dictionary of Scottish Art and Architecture, Woodbridge, 1994.