The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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Caroline Blanche Elizabeth Lindsay, 1844-1912

Nationality: English
Date of Birth: 1844
Place of Birth: London
Date of Death: 1912.08.10
Place of Death:


Caroline Blanche Elizabeth, Lady Lindsay, née Fitzroy, was the daughter of the Rt Hon Henry Fitzroy, MP, and Hannah Meyer Rothschild Fitzroy, the Rothschild heiress. She was an artist, musician and writer. In 1882 she married Sir Coutts Lindsay, the grandson of the banker Sir Coutts Trotter and the son of James and Anne Lindsay of Balcarres, a painter and watercolourist, who founded the Grosvenor Gallery in 1878. The couple separated in 1882.


It was Lady Lindsay's fortune that largely paid for the establishment of the Grosvenor Gallery, and the gallery modelled itself on an artistocratic home with its billiard room, library, dining room and library, furnished with oriental rugs, potted plants and antique furniture. An exclusive dinner party was held two days before the gallery's opening, to which the Prince and Princess of Wales were invited, and on Sunday afternoons private views and dinner parties were held. At all of these Lady Lindsay played hostess. She was the epitome of the cultured and fashionable aesthetic woman.

Lady Lindsay was a writer of and actress in plays at Mrs Jopling's studio. She was also a talented violinist. On 6 July 1877 JW attended a concert given by Mlle Nita Gaëtano at the Leyland's home at 49 Princes Gate, at which Lady Lindsay played her violin (#05864). George Frederick Watts' Portrait of Lady Lindsay Playing the Violin was included in the inaugural exhibition of the Grosvenor Gallery.

Lady Lindsay herself was active as an artist, exhibiting between 1880 and 1903, showing at the Royal Institution of Painters in Water Colours, Royal Institute of Oil Painters, Royal Scottish Academy, Royal Hibernian Society, Society of Women Artists, Royal Society of Artists in Birmingham, Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Manchester City Art Gallery, as well as at the Grosvenor Gallery and, subsequent to this, at the New Gallery. In 1879 she was elected to the Royal Institution of Painters in Water Colours. The Lindsays' divorce ultimately led the Grosvenor Gallery's closure in 1890. Lady Lindsay, a brilliant society hostess and heiress, had been a large part of its success.


Johnson, J., and A. Gruetzner, The Dictionary of British Artists 1880-1940, Woodbridge, 1980; Newall, Christopher, The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibitions: Change and Continuity in the Victorian Art World, Cambridge, 1995; Casteras, Susan P., and Colleen Denney, The Grosvenor Gallery: A Palace of Art in Victorian England, London, 1996; Newall, Christopher, 'Sir Coutts Lindsay', The Grove Dictionary of Art Online, ed. L. Macy, (accessed 22 January 2003).