Rodolphe Julian was an artist and art administrator in Paris.
In 1868 Julian founded his first atelier which became the Académie Julian in 1873. Bonnard and Matisse were amongst his pupils but it was also attended by numerous American and British students. His school also attracted women students as it was one of the few places to admit women to life-drawing classes. He employed academicians such as William Bouguereau, Gustave Boulanger, Jules J. Lefebvre, and Jean J. Benjamin Constant from the École des Beaux Arts to teach the students and had studios in several Paris arondissements.
Bénézit, E., Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, 8 vols, 1956-61; http://www.getty.edu/research (accessed 2003); Fehrer, Catherine, 'New Light on the Académie Julian and its Founder (Rodolphe Julian),' Gazette des Beaux Arts, vol. 103, 1984, pp. 207-16; Peterson, Alice Fessenden, 'The American Art Student in Paris,' New England Magazine , 2 August 1890, pp. 669-676; Weisberg, Gabriel P., and Becker, Jane, R. (eds.), Overcoming all Obstacles: The Women of the Académie Julian, (exh. cat.) New York, Rutgers University Press and the Dahesh Museum, 1999.